Master The 12 Principles of Animation

Explore the 12 principles and start mastering them in your own work to create captivating animations. If you ever get stumped on a principle or your animation needs some help, use this as a reference.




The 12 principles of animation are the most crucial techniques you must master as an animator. Created by the pioneers of animation Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston, and first introduced in The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation. These 12 principles should be your ultimate guide for creating appealing and realistic character animations. 


  • Timing and spacing
  • Squash and stretch
  • Solid drawing
  • Ease in and ease out
  • Anticipation
  • Exaggeration
  • Appeal
  • Straight ahead action and pose to pose
  • Staging
  • Arcs
  • Follow through and overlapping action
  • Secondary action

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