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Enable Verbose Garbage Collection

Welcome to this hands-on lab, where we will set Tomcat up to use verbose garbage collection. As part of this lab you will also enable parallel garbage collection. It is useful to have verbose garbage collection set, to help you troubleshoot your Tomcat instance and its applications. We are using Apache's Tomcat, a Java-based application platform built around deploying and managing Java Web Applications. The server provided in this lab environment is running Red Hat Enterprise 8 and has Tomcat 9 pre-installed for you. The Tomcat instance is available on port **8080**.

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Path Info

Clock icon Intermediate
Clock icon 45m
Clock icon May 15, 2020

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Table of Contents

  1. Challenge

    Test to Ensure You Can Access the Preconfigured Tomcat Instances on Port 8080

    Use the Tomcat server's public IP address and port 8080. Connect to the Tomcat GUI and log in. The username and password to use are the same as what's provided for CLI access.

    To access the server, copy the external IP address and test in your browser by using this IP address and appending the :8080 to it.

    For example, if an IP address shown was, then you would put the following into your web browser:

    You should see the GUI.

    Note: It may take from 3 to 10 mins after the Hands-On Lab has started before you can access the Tomcat servers on Port 8080.

  2. Challenge

    Configure Tomcat to Use Verbose and Parallel Garbage Collection

    You will need to set options for Tomcat's startup routine so that it uses verbose and parallel garbage collection.

    The options to add to the Tomcat startup file (you may need to create the file) are the following:

    • Verbose garbage collection:
    • Parallel Garbage collection:

    These entries should be exported as CATALINA_OPTS.

  3. Challenge

    Restart Tomcat and Monitor the Logs for GC Messages

    Restart the Tomcat server.

    Check the Tomcat logs for entries relating to garbage collection. The log to look into is the catalina.out log.

    An example verbose log entry might look like the following:

    [2.536s][info][gc] GC(0) Pause Young (Allocation Failure) 66M->7M(1015M) 22.821ms

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