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Implement SAMBA (CIFS) Fileshares for Servers and Clients

Implementing fileshares for Windows and Linux servers, plus clients is a key skill for any experienced system administrator. In this activity, we will be working to set up a Linux Samba fileshare that can then be used by a remote client to store files on. Once this activity is completed, we will see how Samba can be used to provision a fileshare for use via a Linux client.

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Path Info

Clock icon Intermediate
Clock icon 1h 0m
Clock icon Nov 12, 2018

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Table of Contents

  1. Challenge

    Install Samba Packages on the Samba Server

    We will need several packages installed on our server to complete this activity. Install the packages needed via:

    sudo yum install -y samba samba-client cifs-utils
  2. Challenge

    Install Samba Packages on the Samba Client Server

    Similar to the server install, we will need to install some packages on the client in order to use the share we are making available from the server. We can execute the package installation with:

    sudo yum install -y samba samba-client cifs-utils   
  3. Challenge

    Create the Server Fileshare and Set Universal Read/Write Permissions

    On the server, we are tasked with creating the fileshare location for our development team's documentation. Easily accomplished with:

    sudo mkdir /devdocs

    We can meet the accessibility requirement with the following command:

    sudo chmod 777 /devdocs
  4. Challenge

    Allow Network and Users to Access the Share

    Our private network is on and you have a test user that we will be configuring access to this fileshare via the Samba server configuration file located at /etc/samba/smb.conf — we will need to edit the following values in the [global] section of that file so they appear as follows:

    security = user
    hosts allow = 127. 10.0.1.
    interfaces = lo eth0
    passdb backend = smbpasswd:/etc/samba/sambapasswd.txt

    Additionally, we will need to add a new section at the end of the configuration file for our share. We can accomplish this by adding the following values:

            comment = Development documentation
            read only = no
            available = yes
            path = /devdocs
            public = yes
            valid users = devdocsuser
            write list = devdocsuser
            writable = yes
            browseable = yes

    Optionally, once saved, we can perform a quick test with:

    sudo testparm
  5. Challenge

    Start the Samba Service

    Enable and start smb:

    sudo systemctl enable smb
    sudo systemctl start smb
  6. Challenge

    Make the Local Mount Directory on the Samba Client and Set Universal Permissions

    Run the following to establish the mount directory:

    sudo mkdir /mnt/devdocs

    Set up permissions with:

    sudo chmod 777 /mnt/devdocs/
  7. Challenge

    Test the Server Mount on the Client System via the Command Line

    We will need to provide a string of options to the mount command to test our access:

    sudo mount -t cifs -o user=devdocsuser,password=devdocs // /mnt/devdocs/

    Once mounted, we can check via df -h to see it in the list of mounted filesystems and we should be able to write a file and read it on either client or server system

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