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Installing a LEMP Stack on Ubuntu Linux

Before we can start building our world-changing website or application on LEMP, we have to lay the foundation for the stack. In this hands-on lab, we will walk through the installation of the components that make up the LEMP stack on Ubuntu Linux. We will also configure th eUbuntu Linux environment to host the LEMP stack. When we have completed this lab, we will have a running LEMP stack on Ubuntu. We will also have a better understanding of how a LEMP installation is configured on Ubuntu Linux.

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Path Info

Clock icon Beginner
Clock icon 45m
Clock icon Jan 10, 2020

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Table of Contents

  1. Challenge

    Install NGINX Using the Default Ubuntu Package Repositories

    Become the root user:

    sudo su -

    Install NGINX from the Ubuntu repositories using apt-get:

    apt-get -y install nginx

    Check the status of the NGINX service with systemctl:

    systemctl status nginx

    The NGINX service should be enabled and active.

  2. Challenge

    Configure HTTP Access Through the Firewall

    Check the initial status of the firewall:

    ufw status

    Open port 80 to allow inbound HTTP traffic:

    ufw allow 'Nginx HTTP'

    Recheck the status of the firewall:

    ufw status

    HTTP traffic is now allowed through the firewall.

  3. Challenge

    Verify Basic HTTP Functionality in NGINX

    Verify that we can load the default NGINX web page using curl:

    curl http://`curl`

    Use a web browser to go to the default NGINX web page at http://OUR_PUBLIC_IP_ADDRESS or http://OUR_PUBLIC_DNS. We should see the default NGINX page. We can find the public IP address and DNS of our instance in the /home/cloud_user/server_info.txt file.

  4. Challenge

    Install the PHP Components

    Install the PHP components using apt-get:

    apt-get -y install php-fpm php-mysql
  5. Challenge

    Activating the Virtual Host Configuration

    To make the virtual host active, we create a symlink to the appropriate configuration file in the sites-enabled directory:

    ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

    Validate the NGINX configuration before reloading the NGINX service:

    nginx -t
    systemctl reload nginx

    Restart the php-fpm service:

    systemctl restart php7.2-fpm.service
  6. Challenge

    Verifying PHP Functionality in NGINX

    Test PHP by loading the phpinfo page on We are providing a header (via the -H switch) so NGINX knows to route the request to the virtual host:

    curl -H ""

    We can add our server's public IP address, pointing at, to our computer's hosts file if we want to access the phpinfo page at with a web browser.

  7. Challenge

    Install MariaDB

    Install MariaDB using apt-get:

    apt-get -y install mariadb-server

    Check the status of the MariaDB server using systemctl:

    systemctl status mariadb

    The server should be enabled and running.

  8. Challenge

    Verify the Installed Version of MariaDB

    Check the version of MariaDB:

    mysql -V

    root@ip-10-0-1-113:~# mysql -V mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.1.41-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.2

The Cloud Content team comprises subject matter experts hyper focused on services offered by the leading cloud vendors (AWS, GCP, and Azure), as well as cloud-related technologies such as Linux and DevOps. The team is thrilled to share their knowledge to help you build modern tech solutions from the ground up, secure and optimize your environments, and so much more!

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