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Creating a Directory Structure in Linux

A Linux system administrator needs to know how to create files and folders on a computer. This exercise will assist you in creating a new directory structure, and adding new files to this structure.

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Path Info

Clock icon Beginner
Clock icon 30m
Clock icon Feb 12, 2019

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Table of Contents

  1. Challenge

    Create the 'Projects' Parent Directories

    Create the first parent directory structure with the mkdir command, and use the -p switch:

    mkdir -p Projects/ancient
    mkdir Projects/classical
    mkdir Projects/medieval


    mkdir -p Projects/{ancient,classical,medieval}
  2. Challenge

    Create the 'Projects' Subdirectories

    Create the subdirectory structure:

    mkdir Projects/ancient/egyptian
    mkdir Projects/ancient/nubian
    mkdir Projects/classical/greek
    mkdir Projects/medieval/britain
    mkdir Projects/medieval/japan


    mkdir Projects/ancient/{egyptian,nubian}
    mkdir Projects/classical/greek
    mkdir Projects/medieval/{britain,japan}
  3. Challenge

    Create 'Projects' Empty Files for Next Step

    Create the empty files for later use:

    touch Projects/ancient/nubian/further_research.txt
    touch Projects/classical/greek/further_research.txt
  4. Challenge

    Rename a 'Projects' Subdirectory

    The user would like for the classical directory to be renamed to greco-roman.

    mv Projects/classical Projects/greco-roman

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