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Create and Assume Roles in AWS

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a service that allows AWS customers to manage user access and permissions for the accounts and available APIs/services within AWS. IAM can manage users, security credentials (such as API access keys), and allow users to access AWS resources. In this lab, we discover how security policies affect IAM users and groups, and we go further by implementing our own policies while also learning what a role is, how to create a role, and how to assume a role as a different user. An IAM role is similar to an IAM user, in that it is an AWS identity with permission policies that determine what the identity can and cannot do in AWS. However, instead of being uniquely associated with one person, a role is intended to be assumable by anyone who needs it. Also, a role does not have standard long-term credentials such as a password or access keys associated with it. Instead, when you assume a role, it provides you with temporary security credentials for your role session. By the end of this lab, you will understand IAM policies and roles, and how assuming roles can assist in restricting users to specific AWS resources. AWS Documentation: [IAM roles](

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Path Info

Clock icon Beginner
Clock icon 45m
Clock icon Jun 30, 2021

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Table of Contents

  1. Challenge

    Create the S3RestrictedPolicy IAM Policy

    Perform the following tasks:

    1. Create the S3RestrictedPolicy IAM policy. Ensure only the appconfig buckets are accessible.
      • Select the S3 service and all S3 actions.
      • Select all resources except bucket.
      • Add the appconfig bucket names to the policy.
  2. Challenge

    Create the IAM Role

    Perform the following tasks:

    1. Create the S3RestrictedRole IAM role.
      • Set the trusted entity to AWS account.
      • Select bullet next to This account:
      • For permissions, select the S3RestrictedPolicy.
    2. Update the S3RestrictedRole trusted entity to the user2 arn value.
  3. Challenge

    Test IAM Policy and Role Configuration

    Perform the following tasks:

    1. Attach the S3RestrictedPolicy to the user1. Then, log in as user1 and test access.
    2. Log in as user2, assume the S3RestrictedRole and test access.

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