- A Cloud Guru
Provisioning a LAMP Stack with Vagrant
Vagrant comes built-in with access to a number of provisioners — or configuration management tools — that allow us to configure a newly deployed host by installing packages, setting configurations, and managing packages. In this hands-on lab, we leverage the shell and file provisioners to set up a LAMP stack across to servers and ensure the appropriate Apache website configuration is used.
Table of Contents
Create the Vagrantfile
- Move into the
lampproject directory and generate a new Vagrantfile:
cd lamp/ vagrant init
- Open the Vagrantfile, and then update it to create two different machine method blocks, one for each guest:
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| config.vm.box = "fgrehm/trusty64-lxc" config.vm.provider "lxc" config.vm.define "web" do |web| end config.vm.define "db" do |db| end end ```
- Move into the
Set Up Provisioning
- Use the shell and file provisioners to run the needed scripts and add the desired configuration:
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| config.vm.box = "fgrehm/trusty64-lxc" config.vm.provider "lxc" config.vm.define "web" do |web| web.vm.provision "shell", path: "scripts/apache-install.sh" web.vm.provision "file", source: "configs/apache-example.site", destination: "/tmp/configs/apache-example.site" web.vm.provision "shell", path: "scripts/apache-sites.sh" end config.vm.define "db" do |db| db.vm.provision "shell", path: "scripts/mysql-install.sh" end end
- Save and exit the file.
Test the Vagrantfile
- Deploy the environment:
- Ensure Apache was installed on the
vagrant ssh web sudo service apache2 status exit
- Ensure MySQL was installed on the
vagrant ssh db sudo service mysql status exit
What's a lab?
Hands-on Labs are real environments created by industry experts to help you learn. These environments help you gain knowledge and experience, practice without compromising your system, test without risk, destroy without fear, and let you learn from your mistakes. Hands-on Labs: practice your skills before delivering in the real world.